Spain's degree scandal hits at heart of government Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy with Madrid's regional president Cristina Cifuentes, left, during the 2016 general election campaign | Emilio Naranjo/EPA
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy with Madrid's regional president Cristina Cifuentes, left, during the 2016 general election campaign | Emilio Naranjo/EPA
MADRID â" Spainâs ruling party is battling another corruption scandal â" one that could end the career of a potential successor to Mariano Rajoy.
The conservative president of the Madrid region, Cristina Cifuentes, is accused of fraudulently obtaining her masterâs degree but is refusing to step down, leaving the Spanish prime minister with the choice of forcing her out or risking losing control of the region.
The timing is particularly bad for Rajoyâs Popular Party. Itâs already fragile and relies on the opposition to pass legislation, and has of late been overtaken in the polls by its liberal rival Ciudadanos.
It also affects one of the rising stars of the ruling party. The 53-year-old Cifuentes was among a handful of potential candidates touted by the press as a successor to Rajoy â" and she had tried to cultivate a reputation for being clean in a party tainted by corruption scandals.
Many now see her as a dead woman walking.
The case allegedly involves a corrupt structure within a public university providing degrees to friendly politicians.
The scandal broke last month when online newspaper El Diario reported that Cifuentes had been given a masterâs degree in law by Madridâs K ing Juan Carlos University thanks to a faculty official who went into the computer system and altered two of her marks â" including her dissertation â" from ânot filedâ to a grade of â7.5â out of 10.
Qualifications scandals have led to the resignations of politicians across Europe in recent years â" particularly in Germany, where two ministers in Chancellor Angela Merkelâs Cabinet resigned in 2011 and 2013 over allegations of plagiarism.
Yet Cifuentesâ case goes beyond plagiarism. It allegedly involves a corrupt structure within a public university fraudulently providing degrees to friendly politicians.
On top of that, the way the s candal has been handled has sparked a nationwide controversy that threatens to further undermine Rajoyâs already-damaged credibility.
After the press reports came out, Cifuentes started playing hardball. She provided a document signed by three professors that she said was proof her dissertation was obtained in the correct manner, and showed her qualifications for every course she had taken.
âTo those who want me to leave: Iâm not going anywhere. Iâm staying,â Cifuentes said in a statement on social media in which she portrayed herself as the victim of an âabsolutely unfairâ attack.
Before that, the dean of the university and the director of the degree program appeared before the press, saying she had passed the course, and it was all a bureaucratic mistake.
But cracks in that version of events soon began to appear.
U-turn after U-turn
Students and professors came forward to say they couldnât remember her ever attendi ng classes or taking exams. The newspaper El Confidencial reported that some of the signatures on the document she provided about her dissertation were fake.
That proved a tipping point. Professors who had backed Cifuentes suddenly denied having examined her thesis and the director of the masterâs program admitted fabricating the document she presented.
An internal investigation by the university concluded there was no evidence of her defending her thesis. Finally, the public prosecutorâs office stepped in â" its investigation is ongoing.
Cifuentes holds an umbrella with the colors of the Spanish flag during a military parade in Madrid | Javier Lizon/EPA
Cifuentes kept silent while the evidence mounted against her but then doubled down: She filed a criminal complaint against the journalists from El Diario who broke the story; she tri ed to blame the university; her party asked people to come forward anonymously to say who was behind what it described as the âsetup against Cifuentes.â
VerÃ³nica Fumanal, a political consultant whoâs worked for the Socialists and Ciudadanos, said Cifuentes committed many mistakes in her handling of the case. The PPâs Madrid chief pushed an incoherent narrative which was immediately disproved, she didnât ask for forgiveness, didnât show humility and appeared defiant, and she attacked the media.
Cifuentes isnât the only PP official to be caught up in the university scandal.
El PaÃs reported that Pablo Casado, vice secretary of communications for the PP, obtained the same masterâs degree as Cifuentes, also in disputed circumstances. However, he immediately admitted passing courses despite not having gone to class, and showed some of the essays heâd written.
The situation in Madrid presents both the PP and Ciudadanos with compl icated political incentives and risks.
MPs and officials from most political parties have since been caught changing their qualifications online. There have been cases of lawmakers saying they have a degree when they didnât complete the course. Others spiced up their qualifications by making days-long courses appear as post-graduate degrees.
But itâs the Cifuentes case thatâs the highest profile and potentially the most damaging.
Opposition smell blood
The Socialists have said they will present a motion of no-confidence in the Madrid regional chamber and take the minority government down.
The Socialists will need the backing of the far-left Podemos â" whoâve said theyâll cooperate â" and Ciudadanos â" whoâve been hesitant. The liberals say they will back the no-confidence motion if Cifuentes doesnât resign â" or get sacked.
âItâs in the hands of Rajoy to either keep endorsing the corruption of his party o r to maintain the government of Madrid with a clean candidate,â Ciudadanosâ InÃ©s Arrimadas told reporters Monday.
Cifuentes says sheâs going nowhere, pointing out that she hasnât been indicted or put under investigation, while her team has made clear that she doesnât intend to resign unless ordered to do so by Rajoy.
Students of the King Juan Carlos university demand the resignation of Cifuentes and university dean Javier Ramos | Luca Piergiovanni/EFE via EPA
The Spanish leader is keeping his options open. On Friday, he downplayed the case, telling reporters that Cifuentes had provided an explanation and there was âno reason to break the agreementâ between the PP and Ciudadanos, in which the latter props up the former, just like at national level.
Asked if Cifuentes should resign, Justice Minister Rafael CatalÃ¡ said Monday it was âreasonableâ to wait until all investigations are concluded.
The situation presents both the PP and Ciudadanos with political incentives and risks.
The liberals, whoâve relentlessly hammered the conservatives over corruption cases in recent years, need to be tough to prove that they mean what they say. At the same time, Ciudadanos risks infuriating its more conservative supporters if it backs a no-confidence motion that results in a Socialist taking control of Madrid.
The PP, meanwhile, can ensure it keeps control of Madrid by cutting Cifuentes loose â" and replacing her with another party official. But some supporters are tempted to support her in order to force Ciudadanos to either back down or support a Socialist leader in Madrid. There are those within the PP that believe such a tough choice will damage Ciudadanos at the national level.
Rajoy and Cifuentes campaign in Madrid | Javier Lizon/EPA
âIâm looking forward to seeing [Ciudadanosâ leader Albert] Rivera sitting together with [Podemosâ leader] Pablo Iglesias to negotiate the motion of no confidence,â said Fernando MartÃnez MaÃllo, the general coordinator of the PP (and the partyâs No. 3), in a radio interview last week.
âI believe itâs very difficult that Ciudadanos reaches an agreement with the Socialists and Podemos,â said JosÃ© FernÃ¡ndez Albertos, a political scientist at the Spanish National Research Council.
âThe PP would have their electoral campaign already made,â said Fumanal, the political consultant. âThese people [Ciudadanos] said they were liberals and then they supported a government with the radicals [Podemos].â
âCifuentes is going to dig in the trenches and will stand as long as she can,â said Nacho Escolar, the director of El Diario, the outle t which broke the scandal, adding that âshe has ethical reasons to do so because her party is led by a person [Rajoy] who was caught up being paid under the counter.â Rajoy hasnât been accused of any wrongdoing in the courts.
However, Escolar reckons Cifuentesâ time is running out because the PP government needs the support of the opposition.
âShe will fall sooner or later,â he said.
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